BEED (Bachelor of Elementary Education) in the Philippines
Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEED) is a four year degree program designed to prepare students to become primary school teachers. The program combines both theory and practice in order to teach students the necessary knowledge and skills a primary school teacher needs. There are several major fields of concentration in the BEED program, namely Early Childhood Education, Special Education, General Education, English, Mathematics, Science, Filipino, Social Studies, Music, Arts and Physical Education (MAPE) and Technology and Home Economics (THE).
Subjects and Curriculum
The BEED curriculum contains both General Education subjects (Basic English and Math, Filipino) and Professional Education subjects. The General Education subjects can be classified into three major categories:
- Theory and Concepts subjects: Facilitating Learning, Child and Adolescent Psychology
- Methods and Strategies subjects: Curriculum Development, Developmental Reading
- Field Study subjects: – Practice Teaching
Depending on the school, elective subjects may also be integrated in the BEED curriculum.
The first three years in the BEED program are spent in classroom lectures and teaching demonstrations. A Major’s Forum is also conducted weekly wherein students are given opportunities to review and communicate what they have learned/experienced, be aware of current issues and trends in education and to discuss matters relevant to teacher education and the teaching profession.
Practice Teaching is done during the fourth year of study in both private and public elementary schools, under the supervision of the class adviser who will also conduct periodic evaluation on the assigned student teacher.
Depending on the field of specialization a student chooses, an undergraduate research paper may be required as a prerequisite for graduation.
Fields of Concentration
The most common fields of concentration in the BEED program are as follows:
- Early Childhood Education – an educational program that teaches children from birth to eight years old (pre-school age) with the main focus of guiding children learn through play and improving later school performance.
- Special Education – an educational program that deals with students who have special needs (such as the physically or mentally disabled) done through an especially designed set of instructions, support, and services provided to students with an identified disability requiring an individually designed instructional program to meet their unique learning needs.
- General Education – covers all of the basic information for each subject in primary education; a field of study that has no specific specialization
- English – focuses on the foundation of the English language, fundamental rules in grammar and composition, Children’s literature and reading comprehension.
- Mathematics – covers the most basic topics of arithmetic, geometry, measurements, mathematical operations and expressions and equations.
- Science – a course of study that involves basic concepts of earth science, biology and physics; the use of the scientific process is given much importance in the program
- Filipino – concentrates on the history and use of the Filipino language; covers basic concepts on Filipino grammar and understanding Filipino literature
- Social Studies – covers Philippine History and Culture, Philippine geography and important Filipino heroes and icons.
- Music, Arts and Physical Education (MAPE) – concentrates on Filipino music and arts, customary dances and historic traditions
- Technology and Home Economics (THE) – a field of concentration teaching students livelihood skills, vocational trainings and basic entrepreneurial skills.